The national conversation about race includes the U.S. military. Defense Secretary Mark Esper has effectively banned the Confederate battle flag from bases and installations. But that’s only part of the issue.
In a 2019 survey by the Military Times and Syracuse University, more than half of people of color serving in uniform said they had personally witnessed White nationalism or racism in the military.
According to the Defense Department, around 17 percent of U.S. troops identify themselves as Black.
“CBS This Morning” spoke with several former active-duty service members of different races and religions, about their experiences.
Captain Mary Tobin, a 10-year Army veteran, said racism in the ranks often isn’t camouflaged.
“As a Black woman, I had to wonder, ‘Okay, is this happening because I have ovaries, or because I have melanin?” she said.
As a student leader at West Point, Capt. Tobin had to inspect cadets’ rooms. “You come in with a white glove, and of course, you check for dirt,” she said.
And she quickly found a red flag: “Two White men who were roommates, I walked in, and there was a very large Confederate flag,” she said. “I saw the flag. I looked at them. They looked at me, and I could tell they were trying to get a reaction out of me. That happened two more times. And finally, I had a discussion with them and told them about how that felt for me, as a Black woman from the South, coming into that room, every inspection, and seeing that flag. It hurt me dearly.”
Now, nearly two decades later, the Confederate flag is no longer allowed at West Point. But Tobin said reminders of that painful past remain.
“One example is the name of a barracks, named after General Lee,” she said. “I lived in those barracks.”
Major General Dana Pittard said, “At West Point, there’s Lee Barracks. There’s Lee Gate. There’s Lee Road. There’s Robert E. Lee housing area. Enough.”
Just before Maj. Gen. Pittard, a Bronze Star recipient, graduated in 1981, he overheard two fellow cadets call him the N-word. “One of them ran after me and said, ‘Oh, Dana, I’m so sorry.’ I said, ‘What are you sorry for?’ ‘I’m so sorry for calling you a n*.’ I was so shocked. I thought, ‘I cannot believe that.’
“And then, I took both of them aside and said, ‘We are two months from graduation from West Point, and you still only see me as a n*.'”
Pittard went on to carry the nuclear-launch codes for President Clinton – and command all U.S. forces in Iraq.
Correspondent Vladimir Duthiers asked, “It makes me wonder, ‘Well, what else are they saying when you’re not around?’ And did you ever worry about that?”
“Not really,” Pittard replied, “because my assumption is they probably did. We’ve got to work together, if we’re going to end this legacy of systemic racism. And it’s going to take more than Black people to do that.”
For the first time, African-American officers lead the Air Force and West Point, but a photo taken last fall (tweeted by Defense Secretary Mark Esper) shows the lack of diversity among the military’s top ranks.
- Orange County school leaders to meet again after 2 hours of debating in-person learning plans
- NC to allow indoor visits at nursing homes as progress made against COVID-19
- 2 Cumberland County schools to close for cleaning after staffers test positive for COVID-19
- Does smoke exposure increase firefighters’ susceptibility to COVID-19? It’s possible, UNC researcher says
- Man wounded in Durham shooting along East Main Street, police say
For more stories like this that matter to you, click here to download the CBS 17 News app for free.
Watch live newscasts, get breaking news and sign up for push alerts – download now